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In lesson 21 we are going to learn about predicate adjective sentences.

21.01 Example sentences with temporary states

我很忙。
Wǒ hěn mng.
I'm very busy.
李雪很饿。
Lǐ Xuě hěn .
Li Xue is very hungry.
孩子们很困。
Hizǐmen hěn kn.  
The children are very sleepy.
他很兴奋。
Tā hěn xīngfn.
He is very excited.
我同屋很累。
Wǒ tngwū hěn li.
My roommate is very tired.

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

21.02 Adjectives describing appearance


Gāo
Tall

Ǎi
Short

Shu
Thin

Png
Fat
漂亮
Pioliɑng
Pretty

Shui
Handsome
强壮
Qingzhung
Strong

Chǒu
Ugly

D
Big

Xiǎo
Small

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

21.03 Physical characteristics - Example sentences

你学校很大。
Nǐ xuxio hěn d.
Your school is very big.
她哥哥很高。
Tā gēge hěn gāo.
Her older brother is very tall.
他妈妈很矮。
Tā māma hěn ǎi.
His mother is very short.
你弟弟很瘦。
Nǐ ddi hěn shu.
Your little brother is very thin.
我妹妹很漂亮。
Wǒ mimei hěn pioliɑng.
My little sister is very pretty.
她男朋友很帅。
Tā nnpngyou hěn shui.
Her boyfriend is very handsome.

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

21.04 Family description

我妈妈很矮,很瘦。我爸爸很胖,很强壮。我也有一个姐姐。她很漂亮。
Wǒ māma hěn ǎi,hěn shu. Wǒ bbɑ hěn png, hěn qingzhung. Wǒ yě yǒu yg mimei. Tā hěn pioliɑng.

21.05 Negation of predicate adjectives

他不帅。
Tā b shui.
He isn't handsome.
李雪不高。
Lǐ Xuě b gāo.
Li Xue is not tall.
她不瘦。
Tā b shu.
She isn't thin.
王军不胖。
Wng Jūn b png.  
Wang Jun is not fat.
张老师不矮。
Zhāng lǎoshī b ǎi.
Teacher Zhang is not short.

Notes:

Predicate adjectives are always negated with 不 b, which always precedes the predicate adjective. You can not use 没 mi to negate a predicate adjective.

21.06 Hair description vocabulary

头发
Tufa
Hair

Chng
Long

Duǎn
Short

Juǎn
Curly

Zh
Straight

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

21.07 His hair is very short. - Example sentences

他的头发很短。
Tā de tufa hěn duǎn.
His hair is very short.
他女友的头发很长。
Tā nǚyǒu de tufa hěn chng.
His girlfriend's hair is very long.
萨拉的头发很卷。
Slā de tufa hěn juǎn.
Sarah's hair is very curly.
李雪的头发很直。
Lǐ Xuě de tufa hěn zh.
Li Xue's hair is very straight.


A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin

1.) 漂亮 _____________________ 2.) ____________________
3.) _____________________ 4.) 头发 ____________________
5.) 强壮 __________________ 6.) ___________________

B Match the words with the translation

1.) Chng Curly
2.) Ǎi

Long

3.) Juǎn                                                          Only son
4.) Chǒu

Short

5.) Zh

Ugly

6.) Dshēngzǐ

Straight

C Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin

1.) 他妹妹很漂亮。

_______________________________________________________.

2.) 我女友的头发很长。

_______________________________________________________.

3.) 你哥哥很瘦。

_______________________________________________________.

4.)  孩子们很困。

_______________________________________________________.

D Circle the character that matches the pinyin

d : 姓     瘦     独     北 qing : 青     强     人     师
tu : 国     头     瘦     直  shu : 瘦     头     叫     京 
jiě : 姐     独     北     英  d : 名     商     头     弟 

E Circle the two characters that are not the same

胖 强 矮 师
韩 商 丑 美              
商 韩 师 美
胖 强 矮 高         

F Translate the following pinyin into English

1.) Lǐ Xuě hěn shu.

_______________________________________________________.

2.) Zhāng lǎoshī b ǎi.

_______________________________________________________.

3.) Wǒ bbɑ hěn png, hěn qingzhung.

_______________________________________________________.

4.) Nǐ ddi de tufa hěn chng.

_______________________________________________________.

G Make words by matching the two characters, then match them to the correct pinyin

  
                                pioliɑng
                                qingzhung
                                tufa
                                  zhyun 
                                jisho

H Circle the pinyin for the character

: fāng     xiōng     jin     duǎn : jiě     pio     mng     běi 
: xiān     fāng      shui     pio  : yǒu     chǒu     shui     fāng 
: zh     diǎn     shn     chǒu  : zh     duǎn     fāng     zhung

I Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate choice


Diǎn
头发
Tufa

Yǒu

Juǎn
父母
Fmǔ

1.) 她男朋友的 __________ 很短。
2.) 他女友的头发很 __________ 。
3.) 我有 __________ 渴。
4.) 他 __________ 是工人
5.) 你 __________ 男朋友吗?