Lesson 1

Lesson 2

Lesson 3

Lesson 4

Lesson 5

Lesson 6

Lesson 7

Lesson 8

Lesson 9

Lesson 10

Lesson 11

Lesson 12

Lesson 13

Lesson 14

Lesson 15

Lesson 16

Lesson 17

Lesson 18

Lesson 19

Lesson 20

Lesson 21

Lesson 22

Lesson 23

Lesson 24

Lesson 25

Lesson 26

Lesson 27

Lesson 28

Lesson 29

Lesson 30

Lesson 31

Lesson 32

Lesson 33

Lesson 34

Lesson 35

Lesson 36

Lesson 37

Lesson 38

Lesson 39

Lesson 40

Lesson 41

Lesson 42

Lesson 43

Lesson 44

Lesson 45

Lesson 46

Lesson 47

Lesson 48

Lesson 49

Lesson 50

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In lesson 20 we will learn how to ask if another person has any siblings, which means we will be using the verb to have, 有 yǒu. We will also learn how to ask if the other person has a boyfriend or girlfriend, and also whether or not they have an English or Chinese name.

20.01 Do you have a brother or a sister? - Example sentences

.
你有哥哥吗?
Nǐ yǒu gēge ma?
Do you have an older brother?
你有妹妹吗?
Nǐ yǒu mimei ma?
Do you have a younger sister?
你有弟弟吗?
Nǐ yǒu ddi ma?.
Do you have a younger brother?
你有姐姐吗?
Nǐ yǒu jiějie ma?
Do you have an older sister?

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

20.02 I don't have an older sister - Negation

我没有姐姐, 我有哥哥。
Wǒ mi yǒu jiějie, wǒ yǒu gēge.
I don't have an older sister, I have an older brother.
王军没有妹妹, 他有姐姐。
Wng Jūn mi yǒu mimei, tā yǒu jiějie.
Wang Jun does not have a younger sister, he has an older sister.
她没有弟弟, 她有妹妹。
Tā mi yǒu ddi, tā yǒu mimei.
He does not have a younger brother, he has a younger sister.

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

Notes:

The negation for the verb 有 yǒu is 没 mi. In Chinese some verbs use the negation 没 mi while others use 不 b, there is no real rule as to which verbs use which negation, so you must simply memorize which uses which.

20.03 Do you or don't you have a brother or a sister? - Example sentences

.
你有没有哥哥?
Nǐ yǒu mi yǒu gēge?
Do you (or don't you) have an older brother?
你有没有妹妹?
Nǐ yǒu mi yǒu mimei?
Do you (or don't you) have a younger sister?
你有没有弟弟?
Nǐ yǒu mi yǒu ddi?
Do you (or don't you) have a younger brother?
你有没有姐姐?
Nǐ yǒu mi yǒu jiějie?
Do you (or don't you) have an older sister?

20.04 Do you have any siblings?

你...
Nǐ...
...you...
你有...
Nǐ yǒu...
...you have....
你有兄弟...
Nǐ yǒu xiōngd....
...you have any brothers...
你有兄弟姐妹...
Nǐ yǒu xiōngd jiěmi ...
...you have any brothers or sisters?
你有兄弟姐妹吗?
Nǐ yǒu xiōngd jiěmi ma?
Do you have any brothers or sisters?

20.05 Do you have any siblings? - Concept review dialogue

王军: 你有兄弟姐妹吗?
Nǐ yǒu xiōngd jiěmi ma?
同学: 我有一个妹妹。你呢?
Wǒ yǒu y g mimei. Nǐ ne?
王军: 我有一个姐姐。
Wǒ yǒu y g jiějie.

Notes:

g is the first "counter word" or "classifier" that we will learn, and it is the one most commonly used.

What is a counter word, you ask? Well, remember how we said that Chinese nouns don't change forms for singular or plural? In effect, that means every noun in Chinese is the equivalent of a collective noun in English, such as water or rice. Just as we would say "a bottle of water" or "a bowl of rice",  we need to put a classifier in front of a Chinese noun when enumerating it.

There are numerous counter words in Chinese, but the basic, nearly all-purpose one is 个 g. We will be slowly learning several counter words throughout the course, and lesson 41 we will summarize the counter words that are the most commonly used.

20.06 An only child

他是...
Tā sh...
He is...
他是独生...
Tā sh dshēng...
He is an only....
他是独生子。
Tā sh dshēngzǐ.
He is an only son.
她是...
Tā sh...
She is...
她是独生
Tā sh dshēng
She is an only...
她是独生女。
Tā sh dshēngnǚ.
She is an only daughter.

20.07 I'm an only child - concept review dialogue

大卫: 你有兄弟姐妹吗?
Nǐ yǒu xiōngd jiěmi ma?
小张: 我是独生子。你呢?
Wǒ sh dshēngzǐ. Nǐ ne?
大卫: 我有一个哥哥。
Wǒ yǒu y g gēge.

20.08 Do you have a Chinese name?

马特: 李雪,你有英文名字吗?
Lǐ Xuě,nǐ yǒu Yīngwn mngzi ma?
李雪: 我没有英文名字。你有汉语名字吗?
Wǒ mi yǒu Yīngwn mngzi. Nǐ yǒu Hnyǔ mngzi ma?
马特: 有。我的汉语名字是"流氓"。
Yǒu. Wǒ de Hnyǔ mngzi sh limng.
李雪: 很好的名字。你真是个流氓!
Hěn hǎo de mngzi. Nǐ zhēn sh ge limng!

20.09 Do you have a boyfriend?

王军: 你有男朋友吗?
Nǐ yǒu nnpngyou ma?
萨拉: 没有。你有女朋友吗?
Mi yǒu. Nǐ yǒu nǚpngyou ma?
王军: 我有。
Wǒ yǒu.
萨拉: 她叫什么名字?
Tā jio shnme mngzi?
王军: 她叫李雪。
Tā jio Lǐ Xuě.

20.10

他有点累。
Tā yǒu diǎn li.
He is a little tired.
李雪有点饿。
Lǐ Xuě yǒu diǎn .
Li Xue is a little hungry.
陈大同有点忙。
Chn Dtng yǒu diǎn mng.
Chen Datong is a little busy.
我有点渴。
Wǒ yǒu diǎn kě.
I am a little thirsty.
他有点不高兴。
Tā yǒu diǎn b gāoxng.
He is a little unhappy.
王军有点困。
Wng Jūn yǒu diǎn kn.
Wang Jun is a little sleepy.

20.11 The Horrors of Pronunciation


Mi
Not

Měi
Beautiful

M
Younger sister


A Match the words with the translation

1.) Mimei Older sister
2.) Jiějie

Younger sister

3.) Nnpngyou                                                      Name
4.) Mngzi

Older brother

5.) Gēge

Sleepy

6.) Kn

Boyfriend

B Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin

1.) 你有女朋友吗?

_______________________________________________________.

2.) 我没有英文名字。

_______________________________________________________.

3.) 你真是个流氓!

_______________________________________________________.

4.) 他有点不高兴。

_______________________________________________________.

C Translate the following sentences into English

1.) Tā yǒu diǎn li.

________________________________________________________.

2.) Nǐ yǒu Hnyǔ mngzi ma?

________________________________________________________.

3.) Nǐ yǒu mimei ma?

________________________________________________________.

4.) Tā mi yǒu gēge, tā yǒu mimei..

________________________________________________________.

5.) Nǐ yǒu xiōngd jiěmi ma?

________________________________________________________.

D Circle the pinyin for the character

: fāng     xiōng     jin     gāo : jiě     gāo     mng     běi 
: xiān     fāng      shn     cāi  : yǒu     běi     z     fāng 
: d     diǎn     shn     b  : nǎ     b     fāng     li 
: xng     fāng     d     dōng  : xī     xng     mi     shn 

E Fill in the blanks

马特: Lǐ Xuě,nǐ yǒu __________ mngzi ma?
李雪: Wǒ _____ yǒu Yīngwn __________. Nǐ yǒu _________ mngzi ______ ?
马特: _______ . _______ de Hnyǔ mngzi sh limng.
李雪: Hěn hǎo de _________ . Nǐ zhēn sh ge ________ !

F Arrange the words into sentences

1. mngzi       yǒu       Nǐ       ma      Yīngwn ?

   ______________________________________________________________.
2. diǎn    b    gāoxng   Tā    yǒu .

   ______________________________________________________________.
3.  yǒu      mi     ddi     yǒu     Nǐ  ?

   ______________________________________________________________.
4. diǎn      gāoxng      yǒu      Tā      b      .

   ______________________________________________________________.

G Circle the two characters that are not the same

没 有 累 兄
独 哥 点 美              
有 独 美 困
没 兄 累 哥         

I Write questions for the following answers

1.) _______________________________________________________?

      我没有英文名字。 Wǒ mi yǒu Yīngwn mngzi.

2.) _______________________________________________________?

      我是独生子。 Wǒ sh dshēngzǐ.

3.) _______________________________________________________?

    我没有弟弟,我有哥哥。 Wǒ mi yǒu ddi,wǒ yǒu gēge.

4.) _______________________________________________________?

    那是我们老师。 N sh wǒmen lǎoshī.