Lesson 1

Lesson 2

Lesson 3

Lesson 4

Lesson 5

Lesson 6

Lesson 7

Lesson 8

Lesson 9

Lesson 10

Lesson 11

Lesson 12

Lesson 13

Lesson 14

Lesson 15

Lesson 16

Lesson 17

Lesson 18

Lesson 19

Lesson 20

Lesson 21

Lesson 22

Lesson 23

Lesson 24

Lesson 25

Lesson 26

Lesson 27

Lesson 28

Lesson 29

Lesson 30

Lesson 31

Lesson 32

Lesson 33

Lesson 34

Lesson 35

Lesson 36

Lesson 37

Lesson 38

Lesson 39

Lesson 40

Lesson 41

Lesson 42

Lesson 43

Lesson 44

Lesson 45

Lesson 46

Lesson 47

Lesson 48

Lesson 49

Lesson 50

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19.01 Mom and Dad

爸爸
Bbɑ
Dad
哥哥
Gēge
Older brother
弟弟
Ddi
Younger brother
妈妈
Māma
Mom
姐姐
Jiějie
Older sister
妹妹
Mimei
Little sister

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Notes:

Unlike in English, there are separate terms for older and younger siblings. Younger siblings usually refer to their older siblings by their family position, not their name. There are also separate terms for maternal and paternal family members, which we will look at later.

Vocabulary point:

妈妈 māma mother, 姐姐 jiějie older sister, 妹妹 mimi younger sister all share the same root character, or radical, 女 which means female.

hǎo good and 她 she also share this root character.

19.02 How's your Mom and Dad?

萨拉: 王军,你好!
Wng Jūn,nǐ hǎo!
王军: 你好!
Nǐ hǎo!
萨拉: 你爸爸,妈妈身体好吗?
Nǐ bbɑ,māma shēntǐ hǎo ma?
王军: 他们都很好,谢谢。
Tāmen dōu hěn hǎo, xixie.

Notes:

If there is a close relationship between the possessor and the possessed, 的 de is usually not used. It should be noted here if that if 的 de is used in a relationship that is presumably close, it indicates a degree of estrangement.

19.03 My Dad's from the Northeast

马特: 你爸爸是北方人吗?
Nǐ bbɑ sh Běifāngrn ma?
王军: 是啊。他是东北人, 他来自哈尔滨。
Sh a. Tā sh Dōngběirn, tā liz Hěrbīn.
马特: 你妈妈也是东北人吗?
Nǐ māma yě sh Dōngběirn ma?
王军: 不是,她是南方人。
B sh, tā sh Nnfāngrn.

Notes:

东北 Dōngběi is a region of China famous among students of Mandarin Chinese for having arguably the most standard pronunciation of any area in the country.

Dōng means east and 北 Běi means north, altogether the region consists of the three provinces northeast of the Great Wall that were until the 19th century off limits to Han Chinese. Consequently, many of the major urban areas in the region are quite new, most being around 100 years old.

19.04 Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers

工人
Gōngrn
Worker
农民
Nngmn
Peasant
军人
Jūnrn
Soldier
母亲
Mǔqin
Mother
父亲
Fqin
Father
父母
Fmǔ
Parents

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Notes:

母亲 mǔqīn and 父亲 fqīn are the formal words for mother and father, the first character from each combine to make the plural parents 父母 fmǔ . The character 亲 qīn indicates family relation.

19.05 Example Sentences

.
我父亲是工人。
Wǒ fqin sh gōngrn.
My father is a worker.
我母亲是老师。
Wǒ mǔqin sh lǎoshī.
My mother is a teacher.
我哥哥是军人。
Wǒ gēge sh jūnrn.
My older brother is a soldier.
他父母是农民。
Tā fmǔ sh nngmn.
His parents are peasants.

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19.06 He is a worker

A: 他是谁?
Tā sh shi?
B: 他是我哥哥。
Tā sh wǒ gēge.
A: 他也是大学生吗?
Tā yě sh dxushēng ma?
B: 不是,他是工人。
B sh, tā sh gōngrn.

19.07 She is a businessperson

A: 她是谁?
Tā sh shi?
B: 她是我妹妹。
Tā sh wǒ mimei.
A: 你妹妹是老师吗?
Nǐ mimi sh lǎoshī ma?
B: 不是,她是商人。
B sh, tā sh shāngrn.

19.08 Are your teachers all Chinese?

萨拉: 王军,那是谁?
Wng Jūn,n sh shi?
王军: 那是我们老师。
N sh wǒmen lǎoshī.
萨拉: 她是哪国人?
Tā sh nǎ gurn?
王军: 她是中国人。
Tā sh Zhōnggurn.
萨拉: 你们老师都是中国人吗?
Nǐmen lǎoshī dōu sh Zhōnggurn ma?
王军: 不是,我们系也有外国老师。
B sh, wǒmen x yě yǒu wigu lǎoshī.

Notes:

yǒu means to have. We will look at this verb more closely in the next lesson.

Vocabulary point:

x means "academic department".


A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin

1.) 哥哥 _____________________ 2.) 名片 ____________________
3.) 工人 _____________________ 4.) 妹妹 ____________________
5.) 姐姐 _____________________ 6.) 弟弟 ____________________
7.) 农民 _____________________ 8.) 父母 ____________________

B Translate the following pinyin into English

1.) jūnrn ____________________ 2.) shāngrn _________________
3.) nngmn ____________________ 4.) fqin __________________
5.) mimei  _________________ 6.) mǔqin ____________________

C Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin

1.) 你妹妹是商人吗?

_________________________________________________________.

2.) 你哥哥是工人吗

_________________________________________________________.

3.) 你爸爸是北方人吗? 

_________________________________________________________.

D Match the words with the translation

1.) 父亲 Worker
2.) 军人

Father

3.) 妹妹                   Older brother
4.) 工人

Little sister

5.) 哥哥

Soldier

E Fill in the blanks

萨拉: Wng Jūn,n sh ________?
王军: N sh ________ lǎoshī.
萨拉: Tā sh nǎ ________?
王军: Tā sh ___________.
萨拉: Nǐmen l________ dōu _______ Zhōnggurn ma?
王军: B sh, wǒmen x yě ______ wigu lǎoshī.

F Circle the pinyin for the character

: shēnɡ     mi     jin     gāo : kě     gāo     mng     jūn 
: xiān     shēn      shn     nng  : nn     mǔ     xiǎo     mng 
: gōng     xiān      shn     mng  : d      wǒ     xiǎo     mi 
: xng     xi     mng     f  : mng     mn     nǚ     shn 

G Arrange the words into sentences

1.) Zhōnggurn      lǎoshī       Nǐmen      dōu      ma     sh  ?

_______________________________________________________?

2.) ma      lǎoshī      sh      Nǐ      mǔqin  ?

_______________________________________________________?

3.) gōngrn      Tā      fmǔ      sh .

_______________________________________________________.

4.)  sh      Tā      ma      jūnrn      yě ?

_______________________________________________________?

H Select the right character for the word

1.) _____ (pin)
(A) (B) (C) (D)
2.) _____ (sho)
(A) (B) (C) (D)
3.) _____ (wū)
(A) (B) (C) (D)
4.) _____ (yun)
(A) (B) (C) (D)