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19.01 Mom and Dad
Notes: Unlike in English, there are separate terms for older and younger siblings. Younger siblings usually refer to their older siblings by their family position, not their name. There are also separate terms for maternal and paternal family members, which we will look at later.
Vocabulary point: 妈妈 māma mother, 姐姐 jiějie older sister, 妹妹 mèimèi younger sister all share the same root character, or radical, 女 nǚ which means female. 好 hǎo good and 她 tā she also share this root character.
19.02 How's your Mom and Dad?
Notes: If there is a close relationship between the possessor and the possessed, 的 de is usually not used. It should be noted here if that if 的 de is used in a relationship that is presumably close, it indicates a degree of estrangement.
19.03 My Dad's from the Northeast
东北 Dōngběi is a region of China famous among students of Mandarin Chinese for having arguably the most standard pronunciation of any area in the country.
Dōng means east and 北 Běi means north, altogether the region consists of the three provinces northeast of the Great Wall that were until the 19th century off limits to Han Chinese. Consequently, many of the major urban areas in the region are quite new, most being around 100 years old.
19.04 Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers
母亲 mǔqīn and 父亲 fùqīn are the formal words for mother and father, the first character from each combine to make the plural parents 父母 fùmǔ . The character 亲 qīn indicates family relation.
19.05 Example Sentences
19.06 He is a worker
19.07 She is a businessperson
19.08 Are your teachers all Chinese?
Notes: 有 yǒu means to have. We will look at this verb more closely in the next lesson.
系 xì means "academic department".
A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin
B Translate the following pinyin into English
C Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin
D Match the words with the translation
E Fill in the blanks
F Circle the pinyin for the character
G Arrange the words into sentences
H Select the right character for the word