Lesson 1

Lesson 2

Lesson 3

Lesson 4

Lesson 5

Lesson 6

Lesson 7

Lesson 8

Lesson 9

Lesson 10

Lesson 11

Lesson 12

Lesson 13

Lesson 14

Lesson 15

Lesson 16

Lesson 17

Lesson 18

Lesson 19

Lesson 20

Lesson 21

Lesson 22

Lesson 23

Lesson 24

Lesson 25

Lesson 26

Lesson 27

Lesson 28

Lesson 29

Lesson 30

Lesson 31

Lesson 32

Lesson 33

Lesson 34

Lesson 35

Lesson 36

Lesson 37

Lesson 38

Lesson 39

Lesson 40

Lesson 41

Lesson 42

Lesson 43

Lesson 44

Lesson 45

Lesson 46

Lesson 47

Lesson 48

Lesson 49

Lesson 50


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In lesson eleven we will look at the adverb 都 dōu all. It tells us that the situation it describes is true for the plural of the subject or object.

都 dōu all is only used after subjects and before verbs and adjectives.

11.01 Example sentences with the adverb 都 dōu with noun and adjective complements

Wǒmen dōu sh lixushēnɡ.
We are all exchange students.
Tāmen dōu sh Běijīngrn.
They are all Beijing people.
Nǐmen dōu mng ma?
Are you all busy?
Wǒmen dōu hěn li.
We are all very tired.
Hizimen dōu le.
The children are all hungry.
Hizimen dōu kě le.
The children are all thirsty.

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If 都 dōu is used together with other adverbs such as 很 hěn it should come before the other adverbs, as in 我们都很好。 Wǒmen dōu hěn hǎo.

11.02 How are you all? - Dialogue between three people

张老师: 你们好吗?
Nǐmen hǎo ma?
莎拉: 我们都很好。您身体好吗?
Wǒmen dōu hěn hǎo. Nn shēntǐ hǎo ma?
张老师: 也很好。你们忙不忙?
Yě hěn hǎo. Nǐmen mng b mng?
马特: 我们都很忙。
Wǒmen dōu hěn mng.
张老师: 再见
莎拉: 再见
马特: 再见!

11.03 Example sentences with the adverb 都 dōu all and the adjectives 开心 kāixīn happy and 兴奋 xīngfn excited

Tā hěn xīngfn. Wǒ yě hěn xīngfn. Wǒmen dōu hěn xīngfn.
He is very excited. I am also very excited. We are all very excited.
Wng xiānsheng hěn kāixīn. Lǐ xiǎojiě yě hěn kāixīn. Tāmen dōu hěn kāixīn.
Mr. Wang is very happy. Ms. Lee is also very happy. They are all very happy.
Shālā hěn xīngfn. Mǎt yě hěn xīngfn. Tāmen dōu hěn xīngfn.
Sarah is very excited. Matt is also very excited. They are all very excited.
Lǐ Xuě hěn kāixīn. Nǐ yě hěn kāixīn. Nǐmen dōu hěn kāixīn.
Li Xue is very happy. You are also very happy. You all are very happy.

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)


It is not always necessary to add 都 dōun all to every sentence, but adding or omitting it changes the emphasis of the sentence. 我们都很兴奋 Wǒmen dōu hěn xīngfn. emphasizes that both of us are excited, whereas 我们很兴奋 Wǒmen hěn xīngfn. simply describes the state of being excited. 

11.04 If you're happy and you know it... dialogue with the complements 兴奋 xīngfn excited and 开心 kāixīn happy

王军: 你累吗?
Nǐ li ma?
莎拉: 我不累,我很兴奋!
Wǒ b li, wǒ hěn xīngfn!
王军: 真的吗?马特也很兴奋吗?
Zhēnde ma? Mǎt yě hěn xīngfn ma?
莎拉: 是的,我们都很兴奋,很开心。
Shde, wǒmen dōu hěn xīngfn, hěn kāixīn.


Notice that in Chinese sentences when listing complements it is not required to use a conjunction. Sarah says  that they are 很兴奋,很开心 hěn xīngfn, hěn kāixīn excited and happy but there is no actual conjunction connecting excited and happy in the Chinese sentence. A direct translation of the sentence would be something like "We are all very excited, very happy" which, while possible in English, is not as standard as "We are very excited and happy."

11.05 You Cheeky Monkey!

Měigu lixushēnɡ....
  American foreign students...
Měigu lixushēnɡ dōu...
  American foreign students...all...
Měigu lixushēnɡ dōu sh...
  American foreign students are all...
Měigu lixushēnɡ dōu sh jindi!
  American foreign students are all spies!

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

11.06 The Horrors of Pronunciation


Last name

A Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin

1.) 他们都是北京人。


2.) 李小姐也很开心。


3.) 孩子们都饿了。


4.) 他们都很兴奋。


B Translate the following sentences into English

1.) Wǒ b li, wǒ hěn xīngfn!


2.) Tāmen dōu hěn kāixīn.


3.) Wǒmen dōu hěn li.


4.) Hizimen dōu kě le.


C Arrange the words into sentences.

1.) dōu      Wǒmen      mng      hěn 


2.) xīngfn     Wǒmen     dōu     hěn ,    kāixīn     hěn     dōu


3.) yě       kāixīn        hěn         Nǐ


4.)  yě       hěn       Wǒ       xīngfn


D Circle the character that matches the pinyin

xīng : 姓     兴     都     高 dōu : 也     是     累     都
kāi : 老     真     开     忙  fn : 奋     心     叫     人 
yīng : 很     国     忙     英  kě : 美     俄     渴     奋 

E Fill in the blanks for the dialogue

张老师: ________ hǎo ma?
莎拉: Wǒmen _______ hěn_______. Nn ________ hǎo _____?
张老师: ______ hěn hǎo. Nǐmen _______ b _______?
马特: _______ dōu ________mng.

F Transcribe the characters into pinyin and then translate into English

1.) 兴奋  _____________    ______________
2.) 身体  _____________    ______________
3.) 开心  _____________    ______________
4.) 孩子  _____________    ______________

G Match the words with the translation

1.) Rběnrn Woman
2.) Mng


3.) Dōu                                               Tired
4.) Nǚrn

Japanese person

5.) Li