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In the fifth lesson we will look at some very basic pleasantries you can use in daily conversation, dealing with health and wellness. This might seem a bit old-fashioned, but especially during the cold winter months in the North it is quite applicable, even for young people.

5.01 How is your health? - sentence pattern for a basic conversational pleasantry

你...
Nǐ...
  ...your...
你身体...
Nǐ shēntǐ...
  ...your health?
你身体好...
Nǐ shēntǐ hǎo...
  ....is your health?
你身体好吗?
Nǐ shēntǐ hǎo ma?
  How is your health?

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

Notes:

A more direct translation of this phrase would be "Is your health good?"

This is a polite question that is asked when we assume that the other person is in fact well. If we know that the person has recently been sick, or looks sick at the moment, there are other questions we can ask to show a greater degree of awareness or concern. We will study these in later units.

5.02 I am also...

我很好。他也很好。
Wǒ hěn hǎo. Tā yě hěn hǎo.
I am fine. He is also fine.
李雪是大学生。 王军也是大学生。
Lǐ Xuě sh dxushēng. Wng Jūn yě sh dxushēng.
Li Xue is a university student. Wang Jun is also a university student.
刘老师身体很好。李经理身体也很好。
Li lǎoshī shēntǐ hěn hǎo. Lǐ jīnglǐ shēntǐ yě hěn hǎo.
Teacher Liu's health is good. Manager Li's health is also good.

>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)

Notes:

A little more about 也 yě:

 也 is an adverb that introduces additional information. It does this in two ways, one by introducing additional information about a subject, and the second by stating a similarity between two different subjects. So far, we have only seen the second type, but as new verbs get introduced in later lessons we will see the first type more and more.

Vocabulary point:

大学生 dxushēng university student is made by combining 大 d big with 学生 xushēng student. On its own, 大学 dxu means university

5.03 How is your health? - dialogue between two people of different social status

马特: 张老师, 您好!
Zhāng lǎoshī ,nn hǎo!
张老师: 你好!
Nǐ hǎo!
马特: 您身体好吗?
Nn shēntǐ hǎo ma?
张老师: 很好。你呢?
Hěn hǎo. Nǐ ne?
马特: 也很好,谢谢您。
Yě hěn hǎo, xixie nn.
张老师: 再见。
Zijin.
马特: 再见。
Zijin.

Notes:

马特 Mǎt shows his respect for 张老师 Zhāng lǎoshī by using the respectful form of the pronoun you, 您 nn, as well as by using the teacher's title, 老师 lǎoshī while speaking to her.

你呢? Nǐ ne? can be translated as And you? Follow up questions with 呢 ne are used to ask the same question as the preceding question, but about another subject or object.

Vocabulary point:

身体 shēntǐ means health. On its own, 身 shēn means body.

谢谢 xixie means thank you. Adding a pronoun to the end makes it more polite, as in 谢谢你 xixie nǐ.

再见 zijin means good bye, although it literally means see you again.

5.04 See you tomorrow! - dialogue between two people of equal social status

莎拉: 你好吗?
Nǐ hǎo ma?
王军: 我很好,你呢?
Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne?
马特: 我也很好。明天见!
Wǒ yě hěn hǎo. Mngtiān jin!
王军: 明天见。
Mngtiān jin.

Notes:

再见 zijin is the most common way to say goodbye, it literally means "see you again". There are other ways to say goodbye used when speakers have a more or less particular time they expect to see each other again. 明天见  Mngtiān jin, meaning See you tomorrow, is one of these expressions.

Vocabulary point:

明天 Mngtiān means tomorrow. On its own, 明 Mng means bright and is the same 明 Mng as in The Ming Dynasty. 天 tiān means sky.

5.05 The Horrors of Pronunciation


Shn
What

Shēn
Body
什么
Shnme
What
身体
Shēntǐ
Body

Mng
Bright
明天
Mngtiān
Tomorrow

Mng
Name
名字
Mngz
Name


Exercises

A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin

1.) _____________________ 2.) 再见 ____________________
3.) 身体 _____________________ 4.) ____________________
5.) 大学生 __________________ 6.) 谢谢 ___________________
7.) 明天 __________________

B Translate the following sentences

1.) Nn shēntǐ hǎo ma?

_______________________________________________________.

2.) Wng Jūn yě sh dxushēng.

_______________________________________________________.

3.) Mngtiān jin.

_______________________________________________________.

C Fill in the blanks

A: Nn shēntǐ ________ ma?
B: Hěn hǎo. _________ ne?
A: ________ hěn hǎo, xixie nn.
B: Zijin.
A: ___________.

D Convert the following sentences into pinyin

1.) 我姓李。

_______________________________________________________.

2.) 李经理身体也很好。

_______________________________________________________.

3.) 你是留学生吗?

_______________________________________________________.

E Circle the pinyin for the character

: shēnɡ     jio     jin     gāo : xng     gāo     mng     ma 
: xiān     shēn      shn     hǎo  : hěn     wǒ     xiǎo     mng 
: wǒ     xiān      shn     hǎo  : hěn     wǒ     xiǎo     mng 
: xng     xi     mng     ma  : mng     tā     hǎo     shn 

F Rearrange the words into complete sentences

1. yě     hǎo     Wǒ     hěn .

   ______________________________________________________________.
2. shēntǐ     lǎoshī     hǎo     hěn     Li.

   ______________________________________________________________.
3.  sh    yě   Wng    Jūn    dxushēng .

   ______________________________________________________________.

G Match the words with the translation

1.) Shnme Manager
2.) Xng

To be acquainted with

3.) Jīnglǐ                                                   Also
4.) Gāoxng 

What

5.) Rnshi

Happy

6.) Yě

Last name (Surname)

H Count the number of times the following characters appear

( tǐ )

________

( jio )

________

( rn )

________

( gu )

________

( sh )

________

他不认识我。      你是哪国人?      她姓李,叫李雪。
你叫什么名字?      我很高兴认识你。      你是美国人吗?
他们是中国人。      你身体好吗?      他们是学生。