|Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10 Lesson 11 Lesson 12 Lesson 13 Lesson 14 Lesson 15 Lesson 16 Lesson 17 Lesson 18 Lesson 19 Lesson 20 Lesson 21 Lesson 22 Lesson 23 Lesson 24 Lesson 25 Lesson 26 Lesson 27 Lesson 28 Lesson 29 Lesson 30 Lesson 31 Lesson 32 Lesson 33 Lesson 34 Lesson 35 Lesson 36 Lesson 37 Lesson 38 Lesson 39 Lesson 40 Lesson 41 Lesson 42 Lesson 43 Lesson 44 Lesson 45 Lesson 46 Lesson 47 Lesson 48 Lesson 49 Lesson 50 OUR FAVORITE LINKS Zhongwen Red Mandarin Toplist Hua Zhongwen NCIKU Dictionary Shanghai Expat Hao Hao Report China Hush||
In the second lesson we will learn how to make simple questions using the question word 吗? ma?
So how do you make a question? Well, we're glad you asked! All you have to do is add 吗? ma?
to the end of the sentence.
In fact, it's much easier than in English, where you have to switch the verb and noun (I am going to the store vs. Are you going to the store?)
In Chinese it is the equivalent of being able to say, "You are going to the store, question?"
We will also learn about countries and nationalities.
2.01 Simple questions
>> Listen to the MP3 (right click to save)
Notes: Remember that the word order in Chinese sentences is the same for statements as it is for questions, which is quite different from English, where there is special word order signifying that the sentence is an interrogative one. Because there is no shift in word order, Chinese speakers indicate to their listeners that the sentence is a question by adding the question marker 吗 ma to the end of the sentence. In essence, 吗 ma is a question mark spoken aloud.
2.02 Countries and Nationalities
Notes: To make a statement about a person's nationality, simply add the character 人 rén to the name of the country. There is no difference between singular and plural, thus 美国人 could mean an American or Americans.
There is another word for referring to people in the abstract, 人民 rénmín. For instance, the Chinese people would be 中国人民 zhōnɡɡuó rénmín, a phrase you see a lot in political situations.
2.03 Pronouns + Nationality complement in statement and question form
2.04 Nationality - a simple dialogue
Notes:Wow! Our first dialogue in Chinese - did you understand it all? Hopefully you did, as it contains vocabulary and sentence structures we have already covered. In just a short time, you have learned to share information in Chinese in a meaningful way. If you go to China you will have many, many opportunities to practice the above dialogue, in fact you might get quite sick of it. Still, regionalisms are a big thing in China, and talking about where the other person is from can be a great way to develop a real conversation.
A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin
B Translate the pinyin into English
C Transcribe the characters into pinyin and then translate into English
D Fill in the blanks for this dialogue
E Match the character to its pinyin
F Transcribe the following sentences into pinyin